The population census plays a vital role in understanding the demographic landscape of a region. In 2011, the Tripura population census provided valuable insights into population dynamics and socio-economic trends within the state. This article aims to deliver the key findings of the census, highlighting population growth, tribal communities, urbanization trends, and their implications for development planning.
Tripura is a small state in the northeastern part of India. According to the 2011 Census, Tripura has a population of 36.74 Lakhs (36,73,917 to be precise) with a density of 350 persons per sq. km, an increase of about 4 lakhs from the previous census that took place in 2001.
Tripura has become the 2nd most populous state in North-East India after Assam. As per the latest census, Out of a total population of 36,73,917, males and females are 18,74,376 and 17.99,541 respectively. In 2001 the total population was 31,99,203 out of which males and females were 16,42,225 and 15,56,978 respectively.
The absolute population growth in this decade was 14.84 percent while in the earlier ten years, it was 15.74 percent. The number of inhabitants in Tripura shaped 0.30 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 0.31 percent.
Methodology of the Census
The Tripura population census in 2011 implemented a rigorous methodology to ensure the collection of accurate data. Trained enumerators visited each household, diligently gathering information on population size, age structure, education, and other relevant factors. This meticulous approach ensured the availability of reliable and insightful data for analysis.
Some Highlights From Census 2011
- The complete number of families expanded from 6,64,334 in 2001 to 8,55,556 in 2011 (an increment of 28.8%).
- The Sex Proportion is 960 (in 2001 it was 948); whereas India’s Sex Proportion is 943.
- The literacy rate of Tripura state according to the 2011 census is 87.22% (which was 73.19% in 2001) out of which 91.53% of Males are proficient and 82.73% of females are educated.
- The population of children between 0-6 years expanded from 4,36,446 in 2001 to 4,58,014 in 2011 (expanded by 5%).
- Out of the total population, 73.83% of the population lives in Urban areas and 26.17% lives in Rural areas.
- The SC (Schedule Cast) Population comprises 17.8% and the ST (Schedule Tribe) population comprises 31.76% of the total population respectively.
Key Findings of the Tripura Population Census 2011
The census revealed several noteworthy findings that offer valuable insights into the demographic landscape of Tripura. Firstly, the total population of Tripura in 2011 was recorded as [36,73,917]. This data served as a baseline for various developmental initiatives undertaken in the state.
Furthermore, the census shed light on population density and growth rate in the state, providing a better understanding of the distribution of people and the pace of population growth. Such insights are crucial for effective infrastructure planning, resource allocation, and ensuring the overall well-being of the population. Additionally, the census highlighted the rural-urban distribution of the population, emphasizing the increasing trend of urbanization within Tripura.
Age structure and sex ratio are essential demographic indicators. The census data revealed the distribution of different age groups, aiding in policy formulation for education, healthcare, and social welfare programs that cater to specific age cohorts. Additionally, the data on the sex ratio is invaluable for addressing gender-related issues and promoting gender equality in the state.
Another significant aspect of the Tripura census was the documentation of tribal communities. Tripura is home to various indigenous tribes, and the census provided insights into their population composition, distribution, and socio-economic status. Understanding the needs and challenges faced by tribal communities is critical for fostering inclusive development and implementing targeted interventions.
Urbanization has been a prominent trend in Tripura, and the census data reflected this phenomenon. The growth of urban areas and the factors driving urbanization were examined to gain insights into the changing urban landscape. Additionally, the census sheds light on the challenges and opportunities arising from rapid urban development, facilitating effective urban planning and infrastructure management.
Tripura Population Census Data 2011
|Total Area (sq. km)||10,486|
|Percentage of the India’s Population||0.30 %|
|Male Population||18,74,376 (51.02%)|
|Female Population||17,99,541 (49.98%)|
|Children Population (0-6 Years)||4,58,014|
|Population Density (per sq. km)||350|
|Population Growth||14.84 %|
|Literacy Rate||87.22 %|
|Male Literacy||91.53 %|
|Female Literacy||82.73 %|
|Schedule Cast||17.83 %|
|Schedule Tribe||31.76 %|
Religion wise Tripura’s Population
Hinduism is the major religion in the territory of Tripura with 83.40 % devotees. Islam is the second most famous religion with roughly 8.60 % following it.
In Tripura, Christianity is followed by 4.35 %, Buddhism by 3.41 %, Sikhism by 0.03 %, and Jainism by 0.02 % People. Around 0.04 % expressed ‘Other Religion’, and roughly 0.14 % expressed ‘No Specific Religion’.
|Other Religions||1514||0.04 %|
|No Specific Religion||5261||0.14 %|
Tripura’s Urban & Rural Population
About 26.17 % of individuals live in Urban areas of Tripura. During the period of 2001 to 2011, the population of the urban areas shows a huge rise of about 76.17 % and is continuously rising. The Sex Proportion in those areas was 973 Females for every 1000 Males and the average literacy rate was 93.47 %.
Whereas Tripura’s rural areas are leading with around 73.83 % percent of people living in the villages of Tripura. The population growth in those areas was very little, about 2.22 % for the last decade (2001-2011). The sex proportion was 955 females for every 1000 males and the average literacy rate for those areas was 84.90 %.
|Urban Area||Rural Area|
|Area (sq. km.)||391.88||10094.12|
|No. of Households||2,38,974||6,16,582|
|Percentage of Population||26.17 %||73.83 %|
|Literacy Percentage||84.46 %||73.47 %|
District Wise Population and Other Data
According to Census 2011, Tripura had 4 districts, named (I) West Tripura, (II) South Tripura, (III) North Tripura, and (IV) Dhalai. Here you can find out the district-wise population of Tripura in tabulated Format.
|District||Area (sq. km)||Male |
|Total Population||Population |
Density (per sq. km)
|Growth Rate (2001-2011) |
The capital city which is likewise the biggest city in the territory of Tripura is Agartala. The International Organization for Standardization assigned “TR” as the ISO CODE of Tripura.
Languages of Tripura
As per Govt data, There are three official languages in Tripura- (I) Bengali, (II) English, and (III) Kokborok (Tripuri). As Most of the people are Bengali, so the most widely used language here is Bengali. Kokborok is the most prominent language among the Tripuri people. English is used as mainly the Official Language of the State.
As indicated by the 2001 census of India, Bengalis addressed very nearly 70% of Tripura’s population while the Tripuri population added up to 30 percent.
Besides this, some other languages are also there which are spoken by some particular religious persons, e.g. Odia, Manipuri, Mog, Chakma, Halam, Garo, and Bishnupriya Manipuri.
|Language||Number of People||Percentage of People|
Implications and Analysis:
The Tripura population census 2011 findings hold significant implications for development planning. A thorough understanding of population growth, age structure, and socio-economic factors enables policymakers to formulate targeted strategies for education, healthcare, employment, and social welfare programs. The data provides a roadmap for addressing the specific needs of various population segments, including tribal communities and urban areas.
Comparison with Previous Census Data
Analyzing the 2011 census in comparison with earlier census data allows for identifying trends and changes in population dynamics. This analysis aids policymakers and researchers in understanding the trajectory of population growth, urbanization patterns, and socioeconomic development over time.
The Tripura population census 2011 has provided valuable insights into the demographic landscape of the state. The data on population growth, tribal communities, urbanization trends, and socio-economic indicators serve as a foundation for evidence-based decision-making. By comprehending these findings, policymakers can develop targeted strategies and initiatives that address the specific needs of Tripura’s diverse population, fostering inclusive and sustainable development in the state.
People Also Ask
What is the Current Population of Tripura?
According to the 2011 Census, The Population of Tripura was 36.74 Lakhs. But The question above does not have a correct answer because the next census was going to happen in 2021 but due to the coronavirus pandemic, it has been postponed till 2024. The current estimated population is about 42.23 lakhs.
What is the Sex Ratio or male and female ratio of Tripura?
According to the 2011 Census, the Sex ratio of Tripura is 960 i.e. 960 women per 1000 males. It is higher than India’s Sex Ratio of 943. The Probable Sex Ratio of Tripura in 2023 is 967.
What is the Literacy Rate of Tripura?
As Per the 2011 Census, the literacy rate was 87.22 %, which is continuously increasing. As per Tripura Govt. data by 08.09.2014, the literacy rate of the state reached 96.82 %.
Which district of Tripura has the highest and lowest literacy rate as per the 2011 census?
As Per the 2011 Census, West Tripura district has the highest literacy rate in Tripura with a literacy rate of 88.70% and South Tripura district has the lowest literacy rate of 84.70%.
What is the district-wise population of Tripura?
As Per the 2011 Census, Tripura has 4 districts-
(I) West Tripura- 17,24,619,
(II) South Tripura- 8,75,144,
(III) North Tripura- 6,93,281,
(IV) Dhalai- 3,77,988.
What percentage of Tripura is Hindu?
According to the latest census, Hindus are the majority in Tripura state. Hinduism comprises 83.40% of Tripura’s population. They are in the majority in all the districts of Tripura.
What percentage of Tripura is Bengali?
Right now, Bengali Hindus are the biggest ethnic group in this state, having a population of around 2.2 million, which is about 60 % of the total population of Tripura.
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